" Planthopper pests main food for insectivorous bats . However , it is now difficult to find a bat again in the rice fields , " said bat expert from the Research Center of Biological Sciences Indonesian Institute of Sciences ( LIPI ) , Ibn Maryanto , Thursday ( 9/6 ) , while the closure of the International Conference on Southeast Asian bat 2nd in 2011 in Bogor , West Java .
(see also: obat burung)
Conference titled " Zoonoses and Bats Role in Ecosystem Balance " starts since June 6, 2011 . A total of 83 researchers from 21 countries attended the bat to present the results of research on bats in the region during this time .
Ibn said , bat species ever recorded in Indonesia as many as 225 species . In the world there are an estimated 1,200 species .
Head of Research Center of Biological Sciences LIPI Siti Nuramaliati Prijono said dwelling bat habitat as naturally nocturnal animals are in mountainous karst caves . However , now the habitat destroyed by mining limestone material content to support the cement industry and so on .
" After the bat habitat is damaged , it is still available somewhere to stay high in the trees or residential homes are empty . However , the bat is often regarded as an annoying pest that hunted humans , " said Nuramaliati .
The main predators
In addition to the main predators of pests of food crops , most species of bats also be a biological control of mosquitoes cause malaria , a disease spreader predatory arthropods cattle , rat repellent , and so on .
" Making the bat in the tall trees now needed to conserve bat , " Ibnu said .
From the research , the bat population in the region of Sulawesi discovered a new type named Thoopterus suhaeniahi . (see also: vitamin burung)
The new bat species will be announced in July 2011 at the Western Australian Museum Record .